This vessel was built as a 30 inch diesel electric suction dredge by Manitowoc Shipbuilding Corporation, Manitowic, Wisconsin for the Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company of Chicago. The dredge machinery was built by the Bucyrus-Erie Company.
The dredge was constructed for use along the great lakes at a cost of approximately $2million and carried appointments more normally found on luxury passenger vessels. It has been described as the largest and most expensive contractors tool ever built.
A huge revolving blade of vanadium-steel alloy loosens the material under water, which then allows the material to be discharged in semi-liquid form through big pipe lines. The intake is thirty four inches in diameter and is located in the center of the cutter. A 600hp motor drives the cutter whilst a 3,000bhp pump sucks up the material loosened by the cutter. A thirty inch stream of material can be forced a distance of 10,000 feet.
Two eighty ton feet or 'spuds' propel the New Jersey forward. When it is necessary to move the dredge one spud at a time is lowered creating a pivot on which the dredge turns. This spud is then raised and the second spud lowered with the process repeated as required. The spuds were only used for movement at a worksite, to transfer the dredge over long distances a special tug was constructed for towing purposes.
The electrical output of the four diesel engines have the capacity to illuminate a city the size of Albany N.Y. The dredge is equipped with fifty seven motors of varying sizes. A telephone system connects all parts of the dredge, including to the end of the pipeline which may be over a mile away. The forward control room overlooks the cutter and is equipped to allow the operator to monitor the depth of the excavation being made, make changes to the cutter speed and pump flow. The diesel engines can also be monitored from this position.
The dredge can operate 24 hours a day, with three shifts comprising 40 - 52 men. The crew are housed in quarters equipped with electric fans, showers & bathrooms, a social room, dining hall, kitchen & laundry.
During 1929 the New Jersey was used in the filling-in of Chicago's Lake Shore, dredging material from offshore, transferring it via pipeline to build-up the lakeshore.
Builder: Manitowoc Shipbuilding Corporation, Manitowic, Wisconsin: Hull No. 228
Page added October 22nd 2015